A research found that several factors can contribute to the development of acne in adult women. The study, conducted by researchers in Italy, suggests that women who suffer from severe acne problems may benefit from proper diet and healthy lifestyle.

Researchers from the Group for Epidemiologic Research in Dermatology (GISED) in Italy sought out to find out the contributing factors behind the development of acne in women over 25 years old. To find out the factors behind the acne problem in women, Dr. Luigi Naldi, a skin expert and lead author of the study, and his colleagues surveyed more than 500 women from 12 different Italian cities.

Among the number, 248 were diagnosed with acne, while 270 had other conditions. The latter group served as the study's control. The result determines the factors that increase risks of acne development among adult women.

Here are the five factors that increase risks of acne development in adult women:

1. Unhealthy diet

The study suggests that several lifestyle factors can contribute to acne breakout in adult women. Based on the research, participants who tend to eat fish, fruits and vegetables on more than four days of the week are less likely to develop acne compared to those who seldom eat these foods.

2. High-stress levels

Acne development is also high in women who had high-stress levels. Participants who experienced high to very high levels of stress during the study had three times more susceptibility to acne compared to those who were less stressed out.

3. Genetic skin problem

Researchers also determined that women, who have parents or siblings that had acne problems in the past, had a higher chance of developing the skin condition as well.

4. Hirsutism condition

Meanwhile, participants who had never been pregnant had a similarly high risk of acne. Hirsutism is also considered a factor, which is a condition of unwanted, male-pattern hair growth in women. It results in excessive amounts of hair on body areas where men typically grow hair including in face and chest.

5. Polycystic ovary syndrome

According to Dr. Debra Jaliman, a dermatology professor at Mount Sinai's Icahn School of Medicine, the latter factors may be connected to the polycystic ovary syndrome, a hormonal condition that can affect a woman's hormone levels, periods, and ovulation. It can have an effect on fertility and pregnancy.

The study aims to help reduce possibilities of acne breakouts among women. However, while the study doesn't prove that eating more fish, fruits, and vegetables, or lowering stress levels can help clear acne, experts believe having a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet can still help.

The findings of the GISED study are published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (JAAD).